Positive behavior support focuses on research-based strategies used to improve the quality of life while reducing challenging behaviors in a person’s environment. Positive behavior strategies also enhance a person’s independent living and cognitive skills by habilitation outcomes, behavioral procedures and evidence based research.
The strategy focuses on assisting individuals to achieve comprehensive lifestyle change with a view to improving quality of life. This component is prevalent in the residential setting. In some residential settings, there may be individuals with considerable age gaps. Lifestyle factors not only affect way of life but also may increase challenging behaviors. In an individual’s environment, lifestyle changes are very important proactive approaches. The changes may meet initial resistance and an adjustment period however the long-term may yield positive results. Successfully assisting an individual with disabilities in making a transition from special education to a residential to supportive living is an example of a lifespan perspective. The perspective represents the different challenges and stages over a life span. Lifespan perspective is very important for all staff and clinicians to be aware of concerning an individual’s plan of care.
The development of a positive behavior system consists of an individual’s support system helping them to adapt in their environment over a period of time. The ecological validity component is significant because it allows a person’s lifestyle to be improved by the circle of support. Support a person in their environment not only may reduce challenging behavior but it also improves self-esteem and overall awareness. An individual’s community is also essential in the development because it allows the individual to participate in community inclusion and improve socialization skills. It allows individuals to increase independence while learning protection in their own environment. The success of the approach depends on structure and mitigation. In order to provide that structure, there must be a centrality of procedures and regulation. Developing an optimistic structure has a profound impact on behavior systems. Systems such as protocols and valued outcomes measure the effectiveness of the program. The focal point of this program is changing the environment not just simply fixing the problem behavior. In reference to system changes, there are number of alternative behavior techniques that can be used in contrast to traditional behavioral interventions. For example, support group therapy is a very good intervention because it helps people resolve problematic issues which are not limited to problematic behaviors. In contrast to traditional behavior approaches, behavior supports emphasize prevention rather than aversive or reactive procedures to combat challenging behaviors. Emphasis on prevention is very important because it reduces allegations and incidents of abuse. In my field, Strategies for Crisis Intervention and Prevention (SCIP) is very prevalent because it teaches both behavior management and positive behavior support. Evidence-based research is also very relevant in behavior research and allows clinicians to use valid and reliable data in order predict or measure or reduce behaviors. The most important thing is that this research is flexible to the degree where other professionals recognize the value of data and not criticize these practices which challenges behavior support. All areas of psychology have played vital part in the value of this approach. For example, environmental psychology is the study how humans interact with their environment and how to develop ideas by trends and changes.
The significance of positive behavior support is the fact that it not only focuses on individuals but it can target a group or entire program. Environmental changes include modifications in the physical setting, task analysis and methodologies, curriculums, assessments and positive reinforcement. The strategy provides an impact on a person’s life when utilizing the variables of behavioral science, valid and reliable procedures, functional analysis and the emphasis on social habilitation.